Cold, flu and influenza are often mixed up as the symptoms are very similar. However, the severity of the symptoms and how quick viruses can affect the body vary from one person to another.
The common cold:
The common cold is a viral infectious disease that lasts for about one week. It is actually the most frequent infectious disease in man.
The common cold makes it really hard for you to follow your usual routine. Several symptoms can affect the body at the same time. Plus the severity of the symptoms can vary.
Compared to the flu (influenza) the symptoms appear gradually with a typical course. It starts with sore throat, followed by a clogged nose. At its peak, individuals may complain of headaches, muscle aches, a clogged nose and fever. These symptoms are often followed by a dry cough then a chesty cough.
The flu or influenza refers to a highly contagious viral infection of the airways. It starts suddenly and causes severe aches throughout the entire body. Individuals may have a high fever (>38.5°C), headaches and a feeling of exhaustion.
The symptoms often appear simultaneously. This is followed by cold-like symptoms, including a sore throat, a blocked nose and a persistent, dry cough which may last for weeks after the initial infection. Influenza can be very dangerous, especially for older or infirm patients and children. For specific target groups a vaccination is recommended. Please visit your doctor for advice.